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    Mammoth Terraces and Upper Terrace Loop

    This reflects the 10Adventures difficulty rating for each route. We aim to keep ratings consistent across regions.
    This reflects the estimated time the majority of users will take on this trail. If you are slower, add time to the top-end figure. If you are fast, then you may complete this route faster than this time range.
    This reflects the return distance of this route as measured by the GPS file.
    5.8 km
    This reflects the total elevation gained throughout this route as measured by the GPS file. This includes all ascents and descents, and is higher than what is quoted in most route guides, which simply measure the distance between the starting-point and high-point of the route.
    164 m
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    Directions to Trailhead

    The Upper Mammoth Terrace Hiking Loop circles a series of hot springs and pools amidst the travertine deposits that form the unusual landscape of the Mammoth Terraces. This trail is family-friendly and appropriate for hikers of all ages and skill levels. This unique region is a must-see on your visit to Yellowstone National Park.

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    Route Description for Mammoth Terraces and Upper Terrace Loop

    The Mammoth Terraces Upper Loop is an incredible insight into the geological wonder of Yellowstone National Park. This trail is popular and can get busy and crowded, especially in the summertime. We suggest heading out on this hike early in the morning to beat the crowds. This trail is mostly boardwalk; please stick to the boardwalk and do not venture off-trail. The area's geothermal activity is very dangerous, and an off-trail adventure could result in serious injury or death.

    With the World’s best display of travertine deposits, it is no wonder that the Mammoth Terraces are a tourist hotspot. The dynamic geothermal and seismic activity in this area makes no two visits alike. The terraces are well known for their bright colors and changing appearance. Don’t forget the camera on this outing; the Mammoth terraces are truly otherworldly.

    To hike the Upper Terrace Loop, begin at the Sepulcher Mountain Trailhead and follow the path south. Straight away, you will see Liberty Cap on your right and the Opal Pool on your left. Just past these features, the trail will split, hike a quick out and back to your right to see Pallette Spring and Devils Thumb before continuing along the main trail. At the next divide, take the path on your left and stick to your left at the next divide to follow the circuit clockwise. Make your way past the series of terraces and hot springs as you work your way south. 1.8 miles from the trailhead, the path will split; take the trail on your right to loop your way back up to the trailhead where you began.

    Once you’ve completed your hike, check out the other sites in the Mammoth area, including the Albright Visitors Center and historic Fort Yellowstone, before heading on to the next adventure.

    Trail Highlights

    Opal Terrace

    The Opal Terrace is one of the first sights on the Upper Terrace Loop Trail; this hot spring became active in 1926 and deposits up to 1 foot of travertine per year. The activity of the area infringes upon the historic cabin located next to the terrace that architect Robert Reimer built in 1907. The activity of the Opal Terrace has posed an interesting challenge for the National Park Service, who work hard to preserve both the natural and cultural history of the area.

    Liberty Cap

    The Liberty Cap is a prominent 37-foot tall tower of travertine that was formed by a now-extinct thermal feature. This feature was named after the peaked caps worn during the French Revolution that were symbols of freedom.

    Canary Spring

    The Canary Spring is a fickle hot spring that goes dormant for long periods. In the late 1800s, this spring was covered with bright yellow filamentous bacteria, hence the name. These days, the Canary Spring varies in color from soft orange, brown, and pink to bright neon.

    Minerva Terrace

    Named for the Roman goddess of artists and sculptors, this vibrant terrace is the site of dramatic shifts in geothermal activity. This terrace can be found either bone-dry or highly active. This is one of the most colorful terraces in the area and is a major tourist attraction.

    Frequently Asked Questions

    What are the formations at Mammoth Hot Springs made of?

    The Mammoth Terraces are made of travertine (calcium carbonate) deposited by the hot springs in the area.

    How hot is the water at Mammoth Hot Springs?

    The water at Mammoth Hot Springs is approximately 164 degrees fahrenheit (73 degrees Celsius).

    Insider Hints for Mammoth Terraces and Upper Terrace Loop

    • This route is not long but there is so much to see, give yourself lots of time to enjoy this hike.
    • Keep an eye out for wildlife including elk along this trail. If you do see wild animals, do not approach them and do not feed them.

    Getting to the Mammoth Terraces and Upper Terrace Loop Trailhead

    This hike begins at the Sepulcher Mountain Trailhead in Mammoth.

    Route Information

    • Backcountry Campground


    • When to do

      April to October

    • Pets allowed


    • Family friendly


    • Route Signage


    • Crowd Levels


    • Route Type


    Mammoth Terraces and Upper Terrace Loop Elevation Graph

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    Mammoth Terraces and Upper Terrace Loop Reviews

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