When people think about things to do in Jordan, an image of the lost city of Petra immediately comes to mind. But Petra is just one of the many amazing things to do in Jordan. With everything else that this beautiful country has to offer, adventure seekers should make it one of their top destinations. Jordan is ideal for hiking, camping, and exploring archaeological sites.
Jordan is a constitutional monarchy bordered by Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Israel and the West Bank, and Syria. Despite the instability surrounding it, Jordan is stable, making it attractive and safe for tourism. In fact, Jordan relies heavily on tourism due to a lack of other natural resources. The locals know this, and for the most part, they do their best to keep tourists safe.
Jordan is mostly arid desert with the occasional oases and rivers, and a lush forest to the west. Average summer daytime temperatures sit at 32°C, but this is tempered by cool, dry breezes. Winters cool down to an average of 13°C accompanied by rain, some of which can turn to snow in higher elevations.
A rich history dating back to the beginning of civilization, with Roman, Ottoman, and Arab influences, makes Jordan a treasure trove for tourists. According to the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities, there are over 100,000 archaeological and tourist sites in this small country. Continue reading to learn about the top adventure destinations in Jordan.
Amman is the capital of Jordan and is located in the northern part of the country. It’s by far the largest city in Jordan, with a population of nearly 1.5 million. Amman’s Queen Alia International Airport has been repeatedly recognized as the best in the Middle East, complimenting Jordan’s robust transportation infrastructure.
The Amman Citadel is one of the top things to do in Amman, Jordan. The Citadel sits atop Jebel Al Qala’a, a hill in old downtown Amman. Amman Citadel’s history dates back to the Bronze Age when the site was one of the first fortifications in the area. Remains of the Bronze-Age wall are all that remain from that period, however, as the site was rebuilt multiple times through Byzantine, Roman, and Ottoman periods.
The 7th-century Umayyad Palace is the most well-preserved feature at Amman Citadel. Many ruins from the palace still remain, including the courtyard, residential buildings, and the audience hall. You can also visit the Jordan Archaeological Museum while at the Amman Citadel; here, you’ll find numerous artifacts dating back to the Bronze Age and the earliest known humanoid statues.
You can either take a taxi to the Amman Citadel or walk from downtown, but the hike is steep. It’s open every day of the week year-round, though it has limited hours on Fridays.
Mount Nebo, Jordan
Mount Nebo, Jordan is roughly 45 minutes from downtown Amman and is another one of country’s historically-significant tourist sites. The 710-meter tall mountain offers spectacular views of the Dead Sea, Jordan Valley, Jerusalem, and the West Bank. It’s here that Moses is said to have first viewed the Promised Land before his death. And although nothing has been found yet, it’s believed that Moses is buried here.
One of the two peaks at Mount Nebo, Siyagha, has long been a pilgrimage site. Several sanctuaries and churches occupied this peak throughout the millennia, including a 6th-century Byzantine monastery that lasted nearly 600 years. The Franciscans restored the monastery in the late 20th century, and it’s now a working monastery open to tourists. In addition to the restored monastery, visitors can see numerous well-preserved mosaics from the original Byzantine monastery.
The Madaba Map in St. George’s Church of Madaba is the oldest known floor mosaic map.
Construction crews building the church in the 1880s discovered this large mosaic that was dated to AD 560. The map contains depictions of holy cities from Egypt to Palestine, alongside Greek names for Jerusalem, Jericho, the Dead Sea, and Bethlehem.
Visitors are welcome to attend mass on Friday and Sunday mornings; however, map viewing is closed at these times. There’s a beautiful interpretive center at the church where you can learn about the history of both the site and the map. Madaba is just a half-hour south of Amman.
Temple of Hercules, Jordan
Not much remains of the Roman Temple of Hercules, but what does remain is one of the main visitor attractions in Jordan. The temple, one of the sites at the Amman Citadel, dates back to the 2nd century. Six columns – only two of which are complete – tower over old downtown Amman. The remains of a colossal statue sit nearby, likely Hercules. The “hand of Hercules” would have been part of a statue nearly 40 meters tall, but today all that’s left are three massive fingers and an elbow.
King Abdullah I Mosque
One of the most distinctive features of Amman’s skyline is the bright blue dome of the King Abdullah I Mosque, visible from all over the city. This large mosque has a capacity for nearly 10,000 worshipers and was completed in 1989.
Jordan is very tolerant of all religions, and the mosque is open to everyone. However, men are requested to wear long pants, and women should cover their heads, arms, and legs. Robes are available if you’re unable to meet these requirements. Everyone should also remove their shoes before entering.
The ancient city of Petra, Jordan, has quickly become one of the most fascinating adventure destinations in the world. This unofficial wonder of the world dates back as far as the 4th century B.C. It is designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its historical significance. Petra is located in southwest Jordan.
Lost City of Petra
The Lost City of Petra earned its name because it was, in fact, lost to the world for centuries. It was largely abandoned in the early Crusades except for a small handful of Bedouins. A European explorer “rediscovered” the ruins in the early 19th century, and archaeologists have been hard at work ever since. Just a small fraction – an estimated fifteen percent – of Petra has been excavated by archaeologists.
There are 23 distinct locations within Petra, a mix of tombs, temples, and iconic stone carvings. You can explore these locations on foot, horseback, camelback, or on a cart. The current archaeological park at Petra covers roughly 2,600 acres, and you’re free to explore on your own, though you’ll learn more and have a better experience by exploring Petra with a guide.
There’s so much to see that it’s nearly impossible to see the highlights in just a day or even two. Plan to spend at least a few days in the Lost City of Petra. There are plenty of lodging opportunities and restaurants in nearby Wadi Musa.
The most famous landmark in Petra is Al-Khazneh, also known as The Treasury. The well-preserved stone facade at Al-Khazneh was once a royal tomb. The intricate carvings, almost 40 meters tall, are a testament to the artistic ingenuity of the people who constructed it out of sandstone nearly 2,000 years ago. Local legend states that the urn at the top of the facade of Al-Khazneh contains a pharaoh’s treasure, however, it’s just solid stone.
The narrow slot canyon that leads to Al-Khazneh is known as the Siq. This canyon is just over one kilometer in length, with walls reaching as high as 80 meters. The Siq is the ancient main entrance to Petra, and as you near the end of it, you’re in for a magnificent sight. The elaborate facade of Al-Khazneh will start to come into view, and once you exit the Siq, you’ll find yourself in a much larger canyon and staring up at the tomb. The Siq is a mostly natural feature, but portions of it, including the gate at the beginning, were carved by the ancient Nabataeans.
The Monastery, Petra
One of the largest monuments in Petra is The Monastery. Like Al-Khazneh, The Monastery was carved directly into the sandstone walls. It’s also very similar in appearance to Al-Khazneh, but The Monastery is much larger, nearly ten meters taller. The Monastery houses a single room that was perhaps once used for religious ceremonies. It was constructed in roughly the second to third century A.D., making it just a hundred years newer than Al-Khazneh.
Hiking in Petra
There are several different ways you can explore the ruins, but hiking in Petra will give you more options, especially if you have the time. This will allow you to see the different locations at your own pace and stop for photos whenever you please. You’ll also get breathtaking views that you’ll otherwise never see without hiking in Petra.
The Main Trail takes you through the Siq and to Al-Khazneh, at 1.2 kilometers. This trail is mostly flat and easy. If you’d like an aerial perspective of Al-Khazneh, you can climb up the Treasury Viewpoint Trail. This trail is short but steep, and the views are worth it.
Another difficult but worthwhile trail is the Monastery Trail, starting where the Main Trail ends and climbing up to The Monastery. This hike will take almost an hour and includes nearly 900 rocky steps carved into the mountain.
With so many other amazing temples and tombs in Petra, hiking is really the best way to explore them. But you’ll need to be sure you set aside ample time during your visit to Jordan to see them all. Petra is, by far, the most amazing thing to do in Jordan, and you won’t want to miss it!
Wadi Rum, also known as the Valley of the Moon, is a vast, unique desert in southern Jordan. It’s characterized by towering sandstone rock formations bordering the bright red desert. The village of Wadi Rum is mostly comprised of the Bedouins. These hardy people have lived here for centuries, and many still live in traditional goat-hair tents. Spectacular scenery and adventure tourism make Wadi Rum one of the top things to do in Jordan.
Wadi Rum Desert
The Wadi Rum Desert looks so out-of-this-world that it has actually been used to film numerous extraterrestrial movies. Hiking trails in Wadi Rum are hundreds of years old and pass by sand dunes, over rock bridges, and through canyons. Some of the petroglyphs you’ll see in Wadi Rum are nearly 3,000 years old and tell the stories of the early Nabataeans that established trade routes here. Plan to spend at least a couple of days in the Wadi Rum desert to ensure that you can see all of the highlights in this breathtaking landscape.
Trekking and Climbing in Wadi Rum
Adventure seekers never forget their experiences trekking and climbing in Wadi Rum. The local Bedouins, who have trekked and climbed rocks here for generations, make the perfect guides. If you want an authentic Wadi Rum experience, hire an adventure company to show you the best attractions and take care of logistics for you. These experiences include camel tours, jeep tours, trekking, and camping under the stars in Bedouin camps.
Wadi Rum has become a world-class rock-climbing destination. The sandstone and granite cliffs have both protected and unprotected routes, with some of the routes being hundreds of years old. There’s no need to bring your own climbing gear to Wadi Rum. Many of the adventure outfitters in Wadi Rum will be able to set you up with everything you need for climbing, including guides.
Dead Sea, Jordan
Many visitors to Jordan wonder if you can swim in the Dead Sea. The water is so salty – the highest salt content in the world – that proper swimming in the Dead Sea is nearly impossible. But Dead Sea floating, however, is what draws so many people here.
Dead Sea Floating
There are plenty of ways in which you can have your own Dead Sea floating experience. The Dead Sea is just under an hour from Amman, sharing a border with the West Bank and Israel. Several beaches and resorts at the Dead Sea will give you many options.
The high salinity levels make the water in the Dead Sea extremely dense. As a result, you will feel as if you are being pushed up out of the water, floating effortlessly. Bring a book and relax in the water, which will help you stay cool on a hot day.
Dana, Jordan, is the site of the largest nature reserve in the country, located near the western border. The actual village of Dana has a history that goes back to the 15th century, and it hangs on to this old-world feel, charming visitors. Despite its small size, there are several hotels and adventure outfitters to help you explore the nearby mountains and nature reserve. Jordan’s excellent infrastructure makes travel to Dana from Amman accessible to everyone.
Dana Biosphere Reserve
The Dana Biosphere Reserve is a 320-square-kilometer protected area featuring everything from lush river canyons, sand dunes, and barren mountaintops. The best way to explore everything in the Dana Biosphere Reserve is by staying in one of the eco-camps and hiking the reserve’s many different trails. Hiking trails range from easy one-kilometer trails to challenging twenty-kilometer trails, which can be linked into longer trails.
A fascinating collection of wildlife inhabits the Dana Nature Reserve, some of which are endangered. There are nearly 1,000 different species cataloged in the reserve, including both plants and animals. Some of the highlights you might see while hiking in the Dana Nature Reserve include the Desert Monitor Lizard, Nubian Ibex, and the Syrian Wolf.