“Climb the mountains and get their good tidings. Nature’s peace will flow into you as sunshine flows into trees,” wrote environmentalist John Muir. Muir, who died in 1914, was perhaps America’s first environmental activist. The Scottish son of a clergyman, Muir believed in nature’s capacity to revitalize the human spirit and lobbied for the first national parks so ordinary people could reconnect with the wild. In today’s increasingly over-scheduled, screen-based world, Muir’s vision has never seemed more prophetic. Here are America’s 10 best backpacking trips that will help you to rediscover the importance of nature.
ALASKA: Kesugi Ridge in Denali State Park
The Kesugi Ridge trail offers days of stunning panoramas of the Alaska Mountains including Denali (also known as Mount McKinley), America’s tallest mountain. The hike can be accessed at several points with the longest route roughly 36.0mi. It is important to research your route because some access points may be closed due to flooding or an excessive number of bears. Which brings up another point, bear spray is a must. Because this trail is in Alaska, timing is important. This a trail best hiked during the summer and fall – late August and September are considered fall. The trail itself is easy to follow, although fog can be an issue so a compass is recommended. In good weather the views are unobstructed for days.
CALIFORNIA: The John Muir Trail
Named after the naturalist and founder of the Sierra Club, the iconic John Muir Trail features 211.0mi of wilderness in California’s High Sierras, with much of the trail above 10000ft – the highest point is just under 14500ft. The trail passes through three national parks: Yosemite, Kings Canyon and Sequoia National Parks. The required permit can be obtained from the national park or national forest where you begin. Most people hike the trail from July through September, although snow may linger in the higher passes into August. A heavy snowpack, icy slopes and swollen streams are issues earlier in the season. Because bears are plentiful in some areas, storing food in bear-proof containers is recommended.
If you don’t want to do the whole thing, check out 10Adventures Yosemite region
WYOMING: Teton Crest Trail
From Phillips Pass to String Lake in Grand Teton National Park, the Teton Crest Trail is 40.0mi of mesmerizing vistas. There are several access points. For the longest hike, start on the Phillips Pass trailhead from Teton Pass and follow the trail north to String Lake. The trail crosses Death Canyon Shelf and goes through Mount Meek Pass and Hurricane Pass and across the high alpine meadows of Alaska Basin. There is plentiful wildlife viewing, wild flower meadows and the previously mentioned spectacular views. A permit is required and because this is bear country, bear spray is a necessity. This is a strenuous hike with most of the trail over 8000ft in elevation and the highest point over 10600ft.
10Adventures covers the best hikes in the Tetons as well.
MAINE: Part of the Appalachian Trail
Maine’s 100.0mi Wilderness is the longest part of the Appalachian Trail that never crosses a paved road. It begins at Monson, Maine, and ends at the northern terminus of the trail at Katahdin Mountain in Baxter State Park. Famous for its isolation, the 100.0mi Wilderness can also be dangerous for non-expert hikers and a downright grind in spots. For those looking for a less arduous adventure, the first 30.0mi offers a great hike through rugged but beautiful terrain with 70 percent fewer miles. Highlights include Lower Wilson Falls, the biggest waterfall on the Appalachian Trail, clear running streams and plenty of panoramic vistas from rocky mountaintops. Most people finish this hike in three days.
NEW HAMPSHIRE: Pemi (Pemigewasset Wilderness) Loop
The Pemi Loop is 31.5mi of intense hiking – more than 9000ft in elevation gain – with eight 4000ft-plus peaks encircling the western half of New Hampshire’s Pemigewasset Wilderness. Featuring rugged terrain and spectacular vistas, this trip is best done in two or three days. Each of the peaks offers panoramic vistas and four additional 4000ft summits can be reached via short day hikes. While the rewards are high, the demands are also, so only embark on this trail if you are sure your knees are up to it. Because significant sections are exposed, it is also important be prepared for the White Mountain’s notoriously variable weather conditions. Bears are also found in the Pemigewasset Wilderness, so carrying bear spray is a very good idea.
UTAH: The Highline Trail in Utah’s Uinta Mountains
If you are looking for a trail less traveled, the Highline Trail through Utah’s Uinta Mountains is worth your consideration. Roughly 75.0mi through challenging terrain, most of which is around 11000ft in elevation with the highest point about 12600ft, this trail can be difficult and above all remote, so make sure you are well prepared for a wilderness experience largely above the tree line. That said, the Highline Trail is justifiably revered by hikers and if you enjoy having long stretches of trail to yourself, serene lakes, gorgeous views of high mountains, pine forests and lots of wildlife, put this trail on your list.
Check out our favourite day hikes in the Uintas.
WASHINGTON STATE: Mount Rainier National Park’s Wonderland Trail
Encircling Mount Rainier, the Wonderland Trail is about 93.0mi long and is considered a strenuous trail with more than 22000ft of cumulative elevation gain. Most people complete the trail in 10 to 14 days. With almost every section of the trail ascending or descending, the environment and even the micro-climate is constantly changing. Hikers will see glaciers, cascading waterfalls, subalpine meadows, lakes, canyons and stands of temperate rain forests. There are several river crossings, including two suspension bridges and some primitive log bridges. During the most popular hiking season in late summer, the weather is more likely to be dry and sunny but during the spring, as well as the first half or so of summer, rain, snow and swollen rivers can create hazards. Camping is allowed in designated camps only and permits are required.
COLORADO: The Four Pass Loop, in Maroon Bells-Snowmass Wilderness Area
The Four Pass Loop through the Maroon Bells Mountains offers world class scenery including rugged mountain peaks, beautiful wildflowers in alpine meadows and pristine mountain lakes. Normally this loop takes three or four days and hikers will be challenged by four mountain passes, each over 12000ft and the highest – West Maroon Pass – 12500ft. Because of the elevation, it is probably best to plan your trip for late summer or early fall. Earlier in the season, snow melt creates swift running rivers. Overnight hikers are also required to use approved bear food storage containers. Free permits must be obtained at the trailhead.
Check out our favourite day hikes around Aspen.
CALIFORNIA: The Lost Coast Trail – North (25.0mi)
Named for its tendency to vanish at high tide, and the scarcity of roads in the area, the northern section of the Lost Coast Trail passes through a slice of California’s coast so rugged that it literally drove the Pacific Coast Highway inland. Here, the mountains of the King Range meet the ocean and the trail winds through hidden beaches and up rugged highlands to soaring vistas above the Pacific Ocean. The scenery is stunning, but because much of the trail is beach, which literally disappears twice a day, it is important to study the tides and plan accordingly. Bear spray is also required and because the rainfall amounts can reach more than 8ft a year, it is best to plan for a deluge, although precipitation in July and August is much less than during the winter months.
VERMONT: Long Trail
Stretching 270.0mi from the Massachusetts border to Canada, the Long Trail, which travels along the spine of Vermont’s Green Mountains is this country’s oldest long-distance hiking path, conceived in 1909 and finally completed in 1930. Offering more backcountry than wilderness, the trail climbs rugged peaks and passes pristine woodland ponds, hardwood forests, alpine sedge and swift-flowing streams. In addition to the central footpath, there are 185.0mi of side trails and roughly 70 backcountry campsites. A thru hike will take 20 to 30 days, but there is plenty of opportunity for section hiking. As with any hike involving exposed terrain, take appropriate precautions during inclement weather, and also be aware that this trail can be muddy in sections and bring plenty of extra socks.